CLP means Classification, Labeling and Packaging. It only applies to candles. This rule was introduced in June 2015. Through this rule, customers are being informed of any potential hazards of chemicals within the candles.
Why Is CLP Necessary For Candles
It is critical to label your home fragrance products. If not done correctly, you may be breaking the law. You’ve probably heard of CLP, which is a piece of legislation that manufacturers of home fragrance products must follow, and here’s why.
The regulation in effect here is the EU’s Classification, Labelling, and Packaging Regulation (CLP), specifically (EC) No 1272/2008, which mandated that all new products containing hazardous substances be labelled accordingly beginning on June 1, 2015.
What Type Of Products Need CLP
CLP applies to any size non-cosmetic product containing a hazardous substance such as fragrance or essential oils (e.g., candles, wax melts, room sprays, reed diffusers etc).
These products are subject to CLP simply because most fragrance oils and essential oils are deemed harmful in their natural state (i.e., 100 percent oil) in some way. This could be due to the fact that they are flammable, pose a health risk (e.g., a skin irritant, an eye irritant, a carcinogenic), or pose a serious threat to the aquatic environment.
When hazardous components are present in certain concentrations, various health or environmental warning statements and safety pictograms are activated. It is your responsibility to ensure that your product labels are correct.
What To Do For CLP For Essential Oil Candles
Many fragrance oil ingredients are known to be eye or skin irritants as well as environmentally hazardous substances. They activate various health or environmental warning statements and safety pictograms when present at certain concentrations. It is your responsibility to ensure that your candle labels are correct.
With your candles ready on the shelf and smelling fantastic, I’m sure you’re itching to start selling them and making some well-deserved money. But first, make sure you’ve got the labelling down pat.
The Safety Data Sheets
The Safety Data Sheets, or SDS, is essentially a safety document that specifies the ingredients in a specific mixture (a fragrance oil in our case). It includes your supplier’s contact information as well as other important safety information such as potential hazards, handling and storage instructions, and emergency procedures in the event of an accident.
Compliant Labels On SDS
You can technically create CLP compliant labels for your products using the SDS, which will include the following information:
- Product Identifiers
- Hazard Pictograms
- Hazard Statements
- Precautionary Statements
- Allergen Information
- Signal Words
- Supplier Details (your business address and contact number)
So, let’s decipher what these labels really mean for you:
Product Identifiers – In general, the term used to identify the substance or mixture should be the same as the term used in the safety data sheet.
Signal Words – A signal word denotes the relative severity of a specific hazard. The label must include the relevant signal word in accordance with the hazardous substance or mixture’s classification: more serious hazards require the signal word ‘Danger,’ while less serious hazards require the signal word ‘Warning.’
Nominal Quantity (unless this quantity is specified elsewhere on the package, i.e. the weight)
Where applicable, Hazard Statements, Precautionary Statements, and a section for Supplemental Information will be used.
Hazard Statements – Hazard Statements are those that provide a direct warning to the consumer about what the mixture may do – the nature of the hazard. If a Hazard Statement is triggered by a specific ingredient at a specific concentration, it MUST be included on the label, along with the pictogram for that ingredient.
Precautionary Statements – A set of instructions that advises the customer on how to avoid or minimise the hazards that may be caused by the hazardous mixture.
Statements – According to the regulations,’relevant’ precautionary statements must be included, with some mandatory, others recommended, and others advised. For example, if applicable, allergen information should be included on the label.
Hazard Pictograms – A hazard pictogram is a pictorial presentation that conveys information about the hazard in question.
Supplier Details – The supplier’s name, address, and phone number.
Although it is feasible to learn how to display CLP data on your own, it takes time and effort to become adept and confident in this area. Unfortunately, it is beyond the scope of this article to provide step-by-step directions on how to do so, but it is possible with a little study, help from your local Trading Standards, and, of course, the SDS.
Fortunately, your supplier is almost certain to have a CLP template for its fragrance oils, which will make your task much easier. All you have to do now is change the template with your company logo and supplier identifying information.
What Are Your Requirements
As a candle maker, you have the right to a SDS from your supplier for any fragrance oil that has been identified as potentially hazardous.
If you sell your candles directly to your customers who will be the end users, you will not be required to provide an SDS, but you must ensure that your candles are labelled correctly in accordance with regulations – this label will provide all of the consumer information required.
If you are not supplying directly to the end user (for example, a hotel or a lifestyle shop), you must provide an SDS to the retailer for each fragrance oil used in the candles you supply.
Remember that if your candle is not classified as hazardous or contains no hazardous ingredients, you are not required to label it under CLP law.
Read more about CLP law – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CLP_Regulation
Being CLP compliant ensures the safety of both you and your customers. It is critical to review your CLPs on a regular basis to ensure that they are still in compliance with current rules and regulations. You should also check your CLPs to ensure that no ingredients in your products have been changed by your manufacturer.
We know that starting an essential oil candle business is very tempting but we still need to consider the requirements of CLP for essential oil candles, let us know your feedback on this matter!